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|Title:||Calculating confidence intervals for the cumulative incidence function while accounting for competing risks: comparing the Kalbfleisch-Prentice method and the Counting Process method|
|Keywords:||cumulative incidence function;oncology;estimation;confidence interval;Biostatistics;Biostatistics|
|Abstract:||<p>Subjects enrolled in a clinical trial may experience a competing risk event which alters the risk of the primary event of interest. This differs from when subject information is censored, which is non-informative. In order to calculate the cumulative incidence function (CIF) for the event of interest, competing risks and censoring must be treated appropriately; otherwise estimates will be biased. There are two commonly used methods of calculating a confidence interval (CI) for the CIF for the event of interest which account for censoring and competing risk: the Kalbfleisch-Prentice (KP) method and the Counting Process (CP) method. The goal of this paper is to understand the variances associated with the two methods to improve our understanding of the CI. This will allow for appropriate estimation of the CIF CI for a single-arm cohort study that is currently being conducted. Previous work has failed to address this question because researchers typically focus on comparing two treatment arms using statistical tests that compare cause-specific hazard functions and do not require a CI for the CIF. The two methods were compared by calculating CIs for the CIF using data from a previous related study, using bootstrapping, and a simulation study with varying event rates and competing risk rates. The KP method usually estimated a larger CIF and variance than the CP method. When event rates were low (5%), the CP method is recommended as it yields more consistent results than the KP method. The CP method is recommended for the proposed study since event rates are expected to be moderate (5-10%).</p>|
|Appears in Collections:||Open Access Dissertations and Theses|
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