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|Title:||CMOS IMAGE SENSORS WITH COMPRESSIVE SENSING ACQUISITION|
Deen, Jamal M.
|Department:||Electrical and Computer Engineering|
|Keywords:||CMOS image sensors;Compressive sensing;CS-CMOS imager;Hardware implementation;Block read-out;Multiple camera;Electrical and Electronics;Electronic Devices and Semiconductor Manufacturing;Signal Processing;VLSI and circuits, Embedded and Hardware Systems;Electrical and Electronics|
|Abstract:||<p>The compressive sensing (CS) paradigm provides an efficient image acquisition technique through simultaneous sensing and compression. Since the imaging philosophy in CS imagers is different from conventional imaging systems, new physical structures are required to design cameras suitable for CS imaging.</p> <p>While this work is focused on the hardware implementation of CS encoding for CMOS sensors, the image reconstruction problem of CS is also studied. The energy compaction properties of the image in different domains are exploited to modify conventional reconstruction problems. Experimental results show that the modified methods outperform the 1-norm and TV (total variation) reconstruction algorithms by up to 2.5dB in PSNR.</p> <p>Also, we have designed, fabricated and measured the performance of two real-time and area-efficient implementations of the CS encoding for CMOS imagers. In the first implementation, the idea of active pixel sensor (APS) with an integrator and in-pixel current switches are used to develop a compact, current-mode implementation of CS encoding in analog domain. In another implementation, the conventional three-transistor APS structure and switched capacitor (SC) circuits are exploited to develop the analog, voltage-mode implementation of the CS encoding. With the analog and block-based implementation, the sensing and encoding are performed in the same time interval, thus making a real-time encoding process. The proposed structures are designed and fabricated in 130nm technology. The experimental results confirm the scalability, the functionality of the block read-out, and the validity of the design in making monotonic and appropriate CS measurements.</p> <p>This work also discusses the CS-CMOS sensors for high frame rate CS video coding. The method of multiple-camera with coded exposure video coding is discussed and a new pixel and array structure for hardware implementation of the method is presented.</p>|
|Appears in Collections:||Open Access Dissertations and Theses|
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