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|Title:||“TALK TO ME:” A MIXED METHODS STUDY ON SERIOUSLY ILL PATIENTS’ VIEWS ON PHYSICIAN BEHAVIOURS DURING ADVANCE CARE PLANNING AND END-OF-LIFE COMMUNICATION|
|Department:||Health Research Methodology|
|Keywords:||advance care planning;end-of-life communication;mixed methods;patient-physician relations;Critical Care;Oncology;Other Medical Specialties;Primary Care;Critical Care|
|Abstract:||<p><strong>Background:</strong> The objective of this mixed methods study is to understand, from the perspectives of seriously ill hospitalized patients, the effect of modifiable physician behaviours on the perceived quality of end-of-life and ACP communication. <strong></strong></p> <p><strong>Methods:</strong> A convergent parallel mixed methods design is used. Participants were recruited from inpatient medical wards at two academic hospitals, and a population with a high risk of mortality at 6-12 months was selected. In the quantitative strand, a questionnaire was administered to measure patients’ self-rated satisfaction with their physician’s ACP communication skills. The primary analysis involved calculation of the strength of correlation between individual QOC items and a global satisfaction score. In the qualitative strand, interpretive description methods were used to explore seriously ill patients’ perceptions of the quality of ACP communication with their physicians. The mixed methods analysis phase involved the creation of a merged analysis table.</p> <p><strong>Results: </strong>From the quantitative strand, three priority behaviours pertained to eye contact, providing full attention, and listening. The three major qualitative themes related to nonverbal behaviours; situating a patient in the context of their background, family and social roles; and assisting patients to make the challenging end-of-life transition. The merged analysis allowed for a fuller, contextualized understanding of why the QOC items with the strongest correlation measures were important from a patient perspective.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions:</strong> This mixed methods study is well-positioned to understand, holistically and from the patient perspective, physician behaviours that influence quality of communication at the end of life.</p>|
|Appears in Collections:||Open Access Dissertations and Theses|
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