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|Title:||NEGATIVE DIELECTRIC CONSTANT OF PHOTO-CONDUCTING POLYMERS UPON CORONA-CHARGING|
|Department:||Materials Science and Engineering|
|Keywords:||negative dielectric constant;static electricity;photoconductor;spiral impedance curve;coil-less inductor;Polymer and Organic Materials;Polymer and Organic Materials|
|Abstract:||<p>The phenomenon of image blurring on laser-printed or electro-photocopied paper has been discovered since the 1980s. In the 1990s, the problem was confirmed to be associated with the undesired surface conduction along the unique photoconductive polymer surface during the photoconduction process. Other than this, little progress has been made in investigating this phenomenon, due to the limited experimental techniques.</p> <p>In this thesis, the electrical properties of a commercially available photoconductor as a result of Corona charging were studied. Various techniques including vacuum deposition and step-function impedance spectroscopy were employed, to overcome the nature of the photoconductor that prevented the use of conventional techniques such as AC impedance spectroscopy. Negative dielectric constant (NDC) has been prevalently discovered at a broad range of frequencies (below 1Hz and up to 1 MHz) and it was questioned in the form of a physically-impossible inductor. This precipitous sign switch of dielectric constant is found in various areas ranging from physics, chemistry, biology to electronics. The magnitude of the NDC decreased drastically with the decrease of electric field frequency. The system obeyed the proposed free-carrier plasma model with a resonance frequency at MHz level.</p> <p>Commercially available polymeric photoconducting materials showing NDC at extremely low frequency are expected to provide unusual scattering to electromagnetic waves and therefore demonstrate profound implications with reduced cost. It has paved the way for many applications such as inductors in integrated chips without bulky coils and provides an insight into a possible revolution in electronics and photonics.</p>|
|Appears in Collections:||Open Access Dissertations and Theses|
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