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|Title:||In-Plane Anisotropy of Ultrathin Co/W(110) Films and the Néel Transition in Bilayer Ultrathin CoO/Co/W(110) Films|
|Authors:||Bartlett, Andrew P.|
|Department:||Physics and Astronomy|
|Keywords:||Ultrathin films;Cobalt;Interfacial Exchange Interaction;Transverse Susceptibility;Anisotropy;Néel Transition;Condensed Matter Physics;Condensed Matter Physics|
|Abstract:||<p>The study of ultrathin magnetic films offers novel magnetic phenomena due to the reduced symmetry of these 2D systems. The magnetic anisotropy differentiates behaviour in ultrathin films from the bulk environment, as additional anisotropies emerge from the ultrathin film thickness and the inherent strain of ultrathin films. In this work, the in-plane magnetic anisotropy of strained ferromagnetic (FM) ultrathin Co(0001) films grown on a W(110) substrate is measured over a range of temperatures (150-320 K). Low energy electron diffraction (LEED) and Auger electron spectroscopy (AES) were used to determine the film structure and thickness. The anisotropy is derived from the quotient of the saturation magnetization and the transverse susceptibility, which are measured using the surface magneto-optic Kerr effect (SMOKE).</p> <p>This work’s second objective is to study the Néel transition in antiferromagnetic (AFM) ultrathin films. The zero net magnetization of AFM materials and the minute sample size of ultrathin films make magnetic measurements impossible with conventional methods. An alternative approach is to study a single AFM ultrathin film that is coupled by the interfacial exchange interaction to a FM ultrathin film. The upper layers of ultrathin Co/W(110) films were oxidized to produce ultrathin CoO/Co/W(110) films, creating an AFM/FM bilayer system. SMOKE measurement of the transverse magnetic susceptibility of the FM Co layer reveal the Néel transition of the AFM layer indirectly through the interfacial exchange interaction.</p>|
|Appears in Collections:||Open Access Dissertations and Theses|
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