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|Title:||Galactose Modified Polyvinylamine, a New Class of Water Soluble Polymers|
|Advisor:||Pelton, Robert H.|
|Keywords:||Polyvinylamine;Galactose;Glycopolymer;RCA Lectin;Protein;Quartz Crystal Microbalance with Dissipation (QCM-D);Polyelectrolyte complex;Chemical Engineering;Polymer Science;Chemical Engineering|
|Abstract:||<p>Synthetic carbohydrate carrying polymers have gained substantial attention recently due to their biocompatibility and their wide range of applications such as targeted drug delivery systems, gene therapy and cell-specific biomedical materials. The overall objective of this research is to develop novel carbohydrate bearing polymers through modification of polyvinylamine (PVAm) backbone with galactose groups and to discover potential applications for this new category of glycopolymers.</p> <p>PVAm-g-galactose (PVAm-GAL) with various molecular weights and grafting extents were prepared and characterized by nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and potentiometric and conductometric titration. Bonding of PVAm-GAL with phenylboronic acid modified PVAm (PVAm-PBA) and phenylboronate modified surfaces were studied on a quartz crystal microbalance with dissipation (QCM-D). Multilayer assembly of alternating layers of PVAm-GAL and PVA-PBA was formed on the silica sensor.</p> <p>Interaction of PVAm-GAL with RCA<sub>120</sub> lectin, a galactose specific protein, was studied on a silica sensor using QCM-D. Galactose binding proteins are overexpressed in hepatocyte and have been widely exploited for targeting the liver tissue with the help of galactosylated polymeric carriers. RCA<sub>120 </sub>lectin shows spontaneous adsorption on galactose rich surfaces obtained by the adsorption of PVAm-GAL on silica sensors. Association constant of the interaction was calculated . Effect of pretreatment with bovine serum albumin (BSA) was also examined.</p> <p>Cationic polymers can form polyelectrolyte complexes (PECs) with negatively charged DNA, resulting in formation of nano-sized complexes for gene delivery purposes. PECs based on PVAm-GAL and different DNA samples were prepared and their physicochemical properties were investigated using dynamic light scattering (DLS) and electrophoretic mobility measurements. Furthermore, PVAm-GAL was studied as coating for Ca-alginate beads which are widely used for cell encapsulation purposes. PVAm-GAL can strengthen the capsule’s surface and increase the physicochemical stability of the beads against chemical degradations. PVAm-GAL coated alginate beads successfully survived treatment with sodium citrate and high ionic strength solutions.</p>|
|Appears in Collections:||Open Access Dissertations and Theses|
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