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|Title:||The role of Xin in skeletal muscle regeneration|
|Authors:||Nissar, Aliyah A.|
|Keywords:||skeletal muscle regeneration;satellite cell;Xin;muscular dystrophy|
|Abstract:||<p>Adult skeletal muscle has the remarkable capacity of regenerating in response to stressors, such as overuse, injury, or myopathic conditions. A fundamental contributor to the regenerative process is satellite cells, which are the primary stem cells of skeletal muscle. Uncovering factors involved in satellite cell function will greatly improve their therapeutic potential, especially for patients suffering from myopathic diseases.</p> <p>The protein Xin was previously identified as being highly upregulated in damaged skeletal muscle and localized to the satellite cell population, however its purpose there has not been elucidated. Therefore the overall goal of this study was to determine the role of Xin during skeletal muscle regeneration and within its resident stem cell population. This was approached using Xin knockdown (Xin shRNA) and knockout (Xin-/- mice) models, whereby any deficits or changes in the regenerative process can be attributed to the lack/absence of Xin. The results of the following studies reveal that when Xin expression is reduced or absent, muscle regeneration is impaired, satellite cell activation is altered, and muscle fiber morphology moves towards a myopathic state.</p> <p>Furthermore, since Xin has been shown to be upregulated during regeneration, it was interesting to study the expression of Xin in human myopathic muscle which is in a constant state of regeneration. It was observed that Xin expression correlates with degree of damage in myopathic muscle, regardless of disease diagnosis. Therefore, these data have improved our understanding of muscle regeneration, satellite cell function, and suggest a clinical marker for defining muscle damage severity.</p>|
|Appears in Collections:||Open Access Dissertations and Theses|
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