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|Title:||Analysis of Transuranic Mixed Oxide Fuel in a CANDU Nuclear Reactor|
|Authors:||Morreale, Andrew C.|
|Advisor:||Luxat, J. C.|
Novog, D. R.
|Department:||Engineering Physics and Nuclear Engineering|
|Keywords:||CANDU;Actinide Burning;Nuclear Safety Analysis;Mixed Oxide Fuel;Nuclear Engineering;Nuclear Engineering|
|Abstract:||<p>The reprocessing of spent fuel is a key component in reducing the end waste from nuclear power plant operations and creating a sustainable closed fuel cycle. Central to this effort is the extraction and reprocessing of actinide materials to be recycled into fast or thermal reactors. Reprocessed actinides can contribute additional energy and may be partially transmuted in current thermal systems using mixed oxide fuels before being sent to fast reactors. The use of current thermal reactors as an intermediary step significantly reduces the fast reactor infrastructure needed to handle the spent fuel inventory in the long term, and also provides a source of additional energy from existing mined resources in the short term. An optimization of the fast and thermal systems in a closed fuel cycle reduces the end cycle waste to primarily fission products which have little residual value and manageable disposal and monitoring demands. The dissertation explores the design and analysis of an actinide transmutation solution utilizing a current thermal reactor design. The TRUMOX-30 CANDU-900 system defined herein uses a mixed oxide fuel containing 3.1% transuranic actinides extracted from 30 year cooled spent fuel from a prototypical Pressurized Water Reactor (PWR) and mixed with natural uranium. A significant constraint imposed on the design is that the actinide burning is to occur in an existing CANDU design without major changes or infrastructure replacement. Hence the standard CANDU design and analysis methodology was employed to produce and evaluate the system. The phased approach includes extensive neutron transport modeling of the lattice and control device super-cell configurations, which feed forward in to a detailed full core diffusion model of the TRUMOX-30 CANDU-900 design. Suitable fuel burnup and significant actinide conversion was achieved while remaining within the prescribed operational envelope of the CANDU reactor. The design was evaluated against existing operational constraints and limits, performing well and achieving the goal of actinide transmutation with no changes to the reactor design. This effort demonstrated the adaptation of a current CANDU-900 reactor as a platform for intermediary actinide transmutation which may form part of a sustainable and efficient fuel cycle.</p>|
|Appears in Collections:||Open Access Dissertations and Theses|
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