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|Title:||Computational Investigation of Steady Navier-Stokes Flows Past a Circular Obstacle in Two--Dimensional Unbounded Domain|
|Authors:||Gustafsson, Carl Fredrik Jonathan|
|Department:||Computational Engineering and Science|
|Keywords:||Fluid Mechanics;steady Navier-Stokes Equation;Oseen Equation;Spectral Methods;Fluid Dynamics;Numerical Analysis and Computation;Partial Differential Equations;Fluid Dynamics|
|Abstract:||<p>This thesis is a numerical investigation of two-dimensional steady flows past a circular obstacle. In the fluid dynamics research there are few computational results concerning the structure of the steady wake flows at Reynolds numbers larger than 100, and the state-of-the-art results go back to the work of Fornberg (1980) Fornberg (1985). The radial velocity component approaches its asymptotic value relatively slowly if the solution is ``physically reasonable''. This presents a difficulty when using the standard approach such as domain truncation. To get around this problem, in the present research we will develop a spectral technique for the solution of the steady Navier-Stokes system. We introduce the ``bootstrap" method which is motivated by the mathematical fact that solutions of the Oseen system have the same asymptotic structure at infinity as the solutions of the steady Navier-Stokes system with the same boundary conditions. Thus, in the ``bootstrap" method, the streamfunction is calculated as a perturbation to the solution to the Oseen system. Solutions are calculated for a range of Reynolds number and we also investigate the solutions behaviour when the Reynolds number goes to infinity. The thesis compares the numerical results obtained using the proposed spectral ``bootstrap" method and a finite--difference approach for unbounded domains against previous results. For Reynolds numbers lower than 100, the wake is slender and similar to the flow hypothesized by Kirchoff (1869) and Levi-Civita (1907). For large Reynolds numbers the wake becomes wider and appears more similar to the Prandtl-Batchelor flow, see Batchelor (1956).</p>|
|Appears in Collections:||Open Access Dissertations and Theses|
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