Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
|Title:||MULTI-MODELLING of ABRASIVE WATERJET MACHINING|
|Keywords:||Abrasive Waterjet Machining;CFD;Erosion Model;Mechanical Engineering;Mechanical Engineering|
|Abstract:||<p>Abrasive waterjet (AWJ) machining is a complex, non-conventional machining process involving numerous input parameters including hydraulic, abrasive, mixing and cutting that must be accurately manipulated to guarantee precise cutting and quality. Currently, available models are empirical or require continuous calibration, or extensive experimental work. To reduce the calibration and experimental time required for accurate prediction of AWJ cutting, computational fluid dynamics (CFD) is being utilized to model the nozzle flow interaction; high pressure water is pushed through the orifice into the mixing chamber, pulling the abrasive into the flow and cohering in the focus tube. Initial research worked towards understanding the effect that input parameters - such as pressure, particle size and shape, focus tube length and volume fraction of air in fluid mixture - have on the velocity profile through the nozzle and upon exit to the atmosphere. Once understood, the CFD model can be utilized to vary mass-inlet, mixing head, orifice and focus tube dimensions to optimize velocity profile of abrasive material including magnitude and jet coherency. Primarily focused on pump pressure, which is limited by technology - an optimized AWJ nozzle will increase material removal rate and/or enhance cut quality without making changes to any other AWJM components.</p> <p>Utilizing the velocity output information from the CFD model, a depth of penetration erosion prediction model was generated. Based on methodology from Finnie, and modified by Hashish and ElTobgy, a multi-particle erosion model of an impacted work piece is developed. With an updated formulation for the specific cutting resistance of a work piece, dependent on particle velocity and nozzle traverse speed, the erosion prediction over the sixty-five different setups modelled and tested experimentally, reduced error on average 41.8%. Moreover, the development of this model created multi-layered surface plots, illustrating for quick reference, the erosion of a work piece for a given set of parameters albeit mass flow rate, pump pressure and traverse rate.</p> <p>Further, a database of quick reference guides, including variable input settings, nozzle types, garnet types and work piece materials can easily be developed. Finally, a new methodology for the leading edge of the waterjet is described and can be incorporated into the erosion simulation by making use of the ``top-hat`` profile generated in the CFD model. This would reduce reliance on model constants to account for secondary cutting, or when particles do not contribute to cutting but are simply entrained in the fluid flow.</p> <p>Both models demonstrated good correlation with experiments or literature. The use of these models will increase understanding of the complex abrasive waterjet process and reduce the need for costly experiments moving forward.</p>|
|Appears in Collections:||Open Access Dissertations and Theses|
Items in MacSphere are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.