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|Title:||Land Settlement in Northeast Brazil A Study of Seven Projects|
|Authors:||Darnel, Wolfram Benard|
|Abstract:||<p>Agricultural colonization through the establishment of planned land settlement projects is one of the principal methods chosen by the Government of Brazil for carrying out the national program of land redistribution and agrarian reform.</p> <p>This study examines seven major colonization projects in one of the country's "agrarian reform priority areas", the coastal region of the Northeast. The purpose of the study is to inquire into the principal causes of the success and failures of the projects studied, and to provide a basis for the formulation of more reliable planning criteria and implementation procedures for future colonization activities to be carried out in this region.</p> <p>A model is established which embodies the principal government objectives for planned land settlement, and which provides the common terms of reference against which projects are assessed. The achievement of an annual minimum income of U.S.$1,503 per settler family is considered basic to the realization of all other objectives. Seven projects are considered. Camaratuba, in the State of Paraiba; Cabo, Vitoria, Tiriri, and Rio Bonito, in the State of Pernambuco; Pindorama, in the State of Alagoas; and Treze, in the State of Sergipe. Data were obtained from interviews of a total sample of 152 settler families and from interviews with administrative personnel and from other sources. Each colony is treated descriptively, giving consideration to its history and development, and to the conditions and economic opportunities existing at the time of the survey. The field survey was conducted during the early part of 1970.</p> <p>The study concludes that although there is some evidence of modest progress toward the achievement of basic settlement objectives, projects have fallen considerably short of expectations. The majority of settlers are unable to attain the income target implied by the investments made on their behalf. Basic constraints are identified, showing that higher levels of achievement are prevented by the persistence within projects of largely traditional agricultural conditions.</p>|
|Appears in Collections:||Open Access Dissertations and Theses|
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