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|Title:||The Requirement of Matrix Metalloproteinase 2 and 9 in Transforming Growth Factor Beta Induced Epithelial to Mesenchymal Transition of Lens Epithelial Cells|
|Keywords:||lens;anterior subcapsular cataract;matrix metalloproteinases;matrix metalloproteinase inhibitors;transforming growth factor beta;epithelial to mesenchymal transition;Medical Molecular Biology;Medicine and Health Sciences;Medical Molecular Biology|
|Abstract:||<p><strong> </strong>Fibrotic cataracts such as anterior subcapsular cataract (ASC) are induced by transforming growth factor beta (TGFβ). The mechanism which governs TGFβ-mediated ASC has not been elucidated. What is known is that TGFβ initiates the conversion of lens epithelial cells (LECs) to myofibroblast-like cells, through a process known as epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT). TGFβ-induced EMT leading to ASC has been associated with the upregulation of two matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), MMP2 and MMP9. However, roles for either of these MMPs have yet to be established in ASC. To determine the involvement of MMP2 and MMP9 I used synthetic inhibitors in conjunction with an established <em>ex vivo </em>rat lens model initiated by TGFβ. The results demonstrated that co-culturing rat lenses with TGFβ and the matrix metalloproteinase inhibitor (MMPI), GM6001 or an MMPI specific for MMP2/9 suppressed ASC. Additionally, studies conducted on the conditioned media from these treatments revealed that TGFβ induces the cleavage of E-cadherin ectodomain which is suppressed by coculturing with either MMPI. To further delineate a role for MMP9 <em>in vivo</em>, ASC formation was examined in two models of lens specific TGFβ overexpression in the absence of functional MMP9. Adenoviral delivery of TGFβ to the anterior chamber of the eye in the absence of functional MMP9 resulted in complete suppression of ASC. Similarly, lens specific TGFβ overexpression in the absence of MMP9 suppressed ASC in 75% of mouse lenses. Additional studies determined that connective tissue growth factor is able to mediate ASC, albeit to a lesser degree than TGFβ.</p>|
|Appears in Collections:||Open Access Dissertations and Theses|
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